1168: Prevnatura – prevalence study of natural products consumption

Conference: 
Author(s): 
A.L. Soares1, A. Moutinho2, D. Velho2, R. Campos1, A. Teixeira1
1 USF Nova Via, ACES Grande Porto VIII Espinho/Gaia, Vila Nova de Gaia, Portugal; 2 USF Santiago, ACES Pinhal Litoral II, Leiria, Portugal
Text: 
Objectives: Determine prevalence on consumption of natural products in two family healthcare units. Describe users and consumptions, verifying any association between them.
Methods: An observational study was carried in the Nova Via and Santiago Family Health Units using a convenience sample. Data were collected by questionnaire on April 2012 using variables like demographics, medical history, regular consumption of natural products, looking for prior information about natural products, purchase site, source of information, active consumption information provided to family physician and presence of side effects.
Results: 366 questionnaire were validated, median age was 50,4 years, 63,9% were females, 33.1% had less than 4 years of school education and 19% had at least an university degree.
Consumption of 64 natural products was identified. Highest percentages of natural product consumption were attributed to Lemon balm infusion (73,2%), chamomile infusion (57,9%) and linden infusion (57,1%). 52,2% were taking natural products on a regular basis. 73,5% took natural products by personal initiative, 75,2% did not provide any type of information to the family physician. Side effects were reported by 1,5%. 48,4% mentioned to have at least one pathology being hypertension and diabetes more common.
A statistical association was verified between consumption and female sex (p=0,002).
Conclusion: There were identified consumptions with higher prevalence when compared with other studies. These consumptions are capable of causing pharmacological interactions and side effects that must be taken care after, so physicians must be aware of its patient’s habits.

Disclosure: No conflict of interest declared