178: Risk factors for chronic non-infectious diseases in the population at the age of 19 to 35 years of service users in the Health Centre „Stari Grad“ Belgrade

Conference: 
Author(s): 
B. Lazić, V. Janjušević, B. Obradović, N. Radisavljević, L. Apostolska
Healthcare for adults, Healthcare Centre Stari grad, Belgrade, Serbia
Text: 
Background: Preventative care in a population of 19 to 35 years has a significant contribution to the identification and elimination of risk factors for chronic non-infectious diseases (CND).
Objective: Analysis of risk factors for CND in a population of 19-35 years who are treated in the Health Centre „Stari Grad“ Belgrade.
Method: The method of research used data obtained from preventive examinations performed in one year by general practitioners using a standard protocol: medical history, family history, physical exam, laboratory examination (glycaemia, cholesterolaemia).
Results: A total of 280 persons aged 19-35 years, of which 43.57% were male and 56.43% were female. In 10% of patients there was a positive family history of cardiovascular (8.5%), diabetes (1.2%) and malignancy (0.3%). There were 14 (5%) smokers. Although 80% had normal weight, 4.9% respondents had Body mass index (BMI) less than 17, 12.96% had BMI between 25 to 29.9 and 2.14% of them had BMI over 30. Hyperglycaemia had 0. 36%, and 1.78% had high cholesterolaemia. Elevated blood pressure values were not recorded.
Conclusion: The identified variable risk factors for CND in this group are: smoking, high body weight and hypercholesterolaemia.
All patients with identified risk factors were given oral advice and written instructions regarding lifestyle changes, while smokers were referred to counselling for smoking cessation.
Intensive and timely health educational intervention through group and individual health education work can contribute to the prevention and elimination of CND risk factors.
Key words: risk factors, young, preventative care, health promotion

Disclosure: No conflict of interest declared