3296 : THE ROLE OF SPIROMETRY AND CARBON OXIDE CONCENTRATION IN EXPIRED AIR IN COPD DIAGNOSTICS

Author(s): 
Kalucka, Sylwia
Text: 
Poster
OBJECTIVE: One of the main factors influencing the development of COPD is chronic cigarette smoking. It is estimated that in Polish population 47% of men and 26% of women smoke. Cigarette smoke does not only harmfully influence their own health but the health of people staying together with them, as well. One third of the people living with active smokers will suffer from COPD in the future.
METHODS: The aim of the study was to examine passive smokers. One hundred families participated in the study. In each of these families one person was a smoker (at least 10 cigarettes per day for 10 years). A questionnaire, spirometry and the measurement of CO in the expired air were used in the study. The measurer also showed the level of % COHb which indirectly marked the number of cigarettes smoked by a person.
RESULTS: In the group of passive smokers, 21% showed the presence of CO (6-10ppm) and % COHb (1-1.6), which proves that they are minor smokers. Their parameters of spirometry were normal. In the group of active smokers only 11% achieved results similar to the results of passive smokers and were diagnosed COPD 1°.
SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS: The normal parameters of spirometry at passive smokers do not mean that they will not have COPD in the future because in fact they are active smokers what the measurer showed.
Topic: Evidence-based Medicine