Eruani, Azibapu
Oral Presentation
Research Based
OBJECTIVE: The study will identify the age group, sex, environmental factors, preventive measures and early hospital intervention as factors that will reduce the malaria endemicity, prevalence and mortality.
METHOD: Satellite health centres, equipped with medically trained personnel for the purpose of collecting data, analysing data, collecting blood samples. Awareness campaign, provision of environmental protective devices, use of insecticides, bed clothing and the distribution of tents for every family. Average population of 2,500 - 3,000 persons attend clinic very month. Standardized mortality rate, prevalence and endemicity was calculated and analysed for the said exposed population.
RESULTS: Mortality from malaria in the region before intervention was 40%, diarrhoea 20%, vaccine preventable diseases (VPD) 10%, acute respiratory infection 10%, sickle cell disease 5%, low birth weight 5% and others 10%. At the end of the research period the mortality from malaria reduced to 8%.
SUMMARY/CONCLUSION: The Niger Delta is a favourable breeding ground for the protozoa P falciparum with water stagnation from rainfall because of poor drainage, which subsequently enhances the breeding of anopheles mosquito, the vector for the transmission of the parasite. So in eradication of the disease there must be a complete elimination of the breeding ground and also the protection of the bite from the mosquitoes. Previously infected persons develop a passive immunity; this explains the difference in severity of the infection from the Europeans to the Africans. The fatality of the infection is higher in neonates, infants and the under fives and the female gender. Hospital admission, drug intervention, improved patient care with adequate follow-up by family physicians reduces mortality, use of synergistic therapy reduced resistance. With this success in the Niger Delta, persistent and coherent effort geared towards this direction will completely eliminate malaria in Tropical Africa.
Topic. Worldwide Epidemics