704 Evaluation Of The Usefulness Of Social Skills Workshops In Primary Care

Conference: 
Author(s): 
García Paine J, González-Granda García T, Muñoz Cobos F, Paz Galiana J, Burgos Varo M, Canalejo Echevarría A
Spain
jpazgaliana@yahoo.es
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Objective: To evaluate the usefulness of social skills workshops in reducing psychological distress due to inadequately coping with the problems of daily life in women with no diagnosed mental illness and who attended a health centre.
Material and methods: Descriptive longitudinal, pre-post intervention evaluation. Setting: Urban Health Centre with two rural clinics. Selection criteria: Women with psychological distress, somatisation, hyperfrequency and/or deficiencies in family and/or social support, from medical consultation, nursing, social work, or mental health. Subjects: Patients who conducted workshops between March 2009 and December 2010 (80% effective coverage assistance sessions), (N = 46) Interventions: Workshop intervention group (10-12 people) with weekly sessions (8 sessions, lasting 2 months), led by the centre's social worker, including the following topics: communication, problem solving, thought control, and improved self-esteem, self-awareness and assertiveness, stress management, need to set goals and objectives, integration in sociocultural activities in the area. Measurements: Age, reason for participation, psychotropic drugs, social and employment situation, social relations, number of doctor visits in 6 months pre and post workshop. We compare the Goldberg Anxiety and Depression Scale (GADS) scores, pre and post-intervention using paired Student T, alpha 0.05. Findings Total of 46 patients, 100% women, mean age 53.16 years (SD 12.8); reasons for referral: anxiety 39.1%, 95% Confidence Interval (25.03- 53.23), depression 23.9% (11.59-36.24), upset with her situation, living focused on others and poor relationship with their families 4.3% each. 56.5% takes psychotropic drugs prior to the workshop and 47.8% had previously been treated in mental health. 23.9 (11.59-36.24) have completed high school and 2.2% have college degrees. 10.9% (1.87-19.86) has never worked and 13% (3.31-22.78) left work when they got married. There is an average decrease of 1.31 consultations after taking the workshop. The average decrease of anxiety pre-post intervention in GADS is 2.51 points (1.90-3.12) (p Conclusion: The social skills workshops can be useful in reducing psychological distress (anxiety and depression) in primary care.
Literature: 
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Evaluation of the usefulness of social skills workshops in primary care