OP-129 : Assessment of Post-partum Depression Using The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale In Fathers of The Children Born at Ankara University School 0f Medicine Department of Obstetrics And Gynaecology

Author(s): 
Gülsen Ceyhun Peker, Ayşegül Cömert Okutucu, Ayşe Selda Tekiner, Zehra Dağlı Department of Family Medicine, Ankara University School of Medicine, Ankara,Turkey
Text: 
Background and AIM: The aim of this study is to determine the rates and risk factors of post-partum depression in fathers. METHODS: The study was carried out with 252 fathers who agreed to participate, at Ankara University School of Medicine Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology between April and June 2013. Two interviews were conducted; first at childbirth, and second at 6th week post-partum. Paternal depression was assessed with Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAM-D) and Socio-demographic Questionnaire. We used a cut-off score of greater than 13 for EPDS. RESULTS: Depression rates in fathers assessed with EPDS at 6th week postpartum was 5,6 %. Mean EPDS scores in the first and second interviews were 5,35± 4,29 and 5,85± 4,08 respectively. Factors that have an increasing effect on EPDS scores were determined as: Number of children, number of individuals living with the family, history of psychiatric disorders, unplanned pregnancies, marital conflicts and lack of social support. Fathers with higher incomes and/or without gender expectations scored significantly less on the EPDS. CONCLUSION: Fathers should also be screened and if needed referred for postpartum depression especially in primary care. Further research with larger samples is crucial to determine the risk factors and screening policies as this could represent an important opportunity for public health intervention.
Keywords: Fathers, Depression, Postnatal