P-035 Prevention Of Diabetes

Conference: 
Author(s): 
Desanka V. (Belgrade)
Text: 
Introduction: Prevention and postponement of emergence of diabetes two, is directed towards the condition of pre-diabetes, impaired fasting glucose, IFG and/or impaired glucose tolerance, IGT.
Method: Using a method of a random choice, 110 persons, without diabetes diagnose, age 35 and older, were surveyed. These people contacted a chosen doctor, due to the various health-related needs, during the last two months of the previous year. A questionnaire “Risk Assessment Questionnaire” of the national programme, Early detection and prevention of diabetes, type two, in the Republic of Serbia, was used. A result marked the level of risk for development of diabetes, type two, within next 10 years.
Aim: Heaving established risk of the polled people in order the prevent development of the diabetes two and at the same times degrees the reasons for erasing cardiovascular diseases.
Results: The questionnaire consisted of eight questions: age; BMI; waistline man, daily psychical activity, nutrition; hypertension art.; previously increased glycaemia; family anamnesis of diabetes. On the base of the received score >= 12 (groups of moderate, high and very high risk), approximately the same are endangered women (41,6%) and men (42%). Low and lightly increased levels were approximately the same, as well, both at women (58,3%) and men (58%). Concerning the age, a risk >= 12, is mostly represented within age group 55–64, speaking of women (18.3%), and little more when it comes to men (20%), and the least within age group from 35–45 years. Less when it comes to women (1.6%), and more, when it comes to men (4%). The biggest number of these people did not have genetic pre-disposition, but metabolic syndrome (60%).
Conclusions: With wide approach influence individually and via media on to change the life habits. Prevent reduce the possibility of emergence of diabetes two in all age group, that is important task and responsibility of the primary medical care.
Literature: 
P-035
Prevention of diabetes