Pp-086 Depression Prevalence In Elderly With Seriously Diseases And Social Situation In Our Work Area In A Year

Author(s): 
Ma Del Carmen Arias Blanco1, Elisa Munoz Gomariz2, Santiago Cruz Velarde3, Cristobal Montes Cobo4, Juan Ignacio Gonzalez Carretero5
1 CS Belmez. Cordoba. Espana. SAS
2 HURS Cordoba Espana SAS
3 CS de Belmez. Cordoba. Espana. SAS
4 CS de Espiel. Cordoba. Espana. SAS
5 CS de Va del Rey. Cordoba. Espana. SAS
Text: 
Depression is the most common psychiatric disorder among the elderly comorbidity with seriously diseases and social problems. Aims: To determine the prevalence of depression in elder than 65 years and it's association with seriously and chronic diseases and social problems. To study patients with depression diagnosed one year ago to re-evaluate the depression evolution.
Methods: 86 elder than 65 years were administered the geriatric depression test Spanish version of 15 items and were diagnosed when results were above 5 and according to criteria for DSM-IV. Selected seriously illness like cancer and other chronic diseases. Social problems when living alone, no children or marital status. The register was made from February 2007 to March 2008
Transversal descriptive study and before and after study
Results: Mean age 75,4 (males 45%, females 57%)
Total initial depression diagnosis 32,55% (males 25% , females 75%)
Chronic illness with depression 53%, chronic illness without depression 17 ,2%. No chronic illness and depression 46,4% and no chronic illness and no depression 67 ,9% Depression patients follow up treatment during one year 35,7%. No treatment 64,3% Diagnosis depression one year ago these patients: Total depression one year ago: 20.9% ( 66,7% with treatment and 33,3% without treatment)
GDS initial average en depression patients : 8, 17, one year ago: 5,78. No depression patients: 2,72, and one year ego 2,4 7.
Conclusions: Depression in elderly is higher in our work area, there's a significant difference between the sexes, being higher in females
Depression diagnostic is higher in patients with chronic diseases but there's less depression cases when they lives alone or without children. Elderly depression has fallen in our area last year when they were on treatment.
Literature: 
PP-086
DEPRESSION PREVALENCE IN ELDERLY WITH SERIOUSLY DISEASES AND SOCIAL SITUATION IN OUR WORK AREA IN A YEAR