PP-260 : Correlation between body mass index and metabolic and cardiovascular risk, in university students from Tabasco, Mexico

Author(s): 
Marco Antonio Zavala González, Elsy del Carmen Quevedo Tejero, Sergio Eduardo Posada Arévalo, Mexico
Text: 
Determine correlation between body mass index (BMI) and arterial tension, glycaemia, cholesterol and triglycerides, in students from Universidad Juárez Autónoma de Tabasco.

Design: observational, prospective, traverse, analytic. Universe: 3.058 students. Period: August-December/2008. Sample: randomized simple, 574 subjects (maximum error 4%, estimated percentage 50%, p=0,05). Sampling: randomized simple, technique “random numbers”. Inclusion criteria: any age and sex, healthy clinically, without known diagnosis of Diabetes Mellitus, Arterial Hypertension and/or Dyslipidaemia. Variables: age, sex, BMI, systolic arterial tension (SAT), diastolic arterial tension (DAT), mean arterial tension (MAT), glycaemia, cholesterol, triglycerides. Instruments: arterial tension determined with anaerobe sphingobaumanometer Home Care®, sanguine chemistry carry out with equipment Metrolab 2300plus©. Analysis: descriptive statistics, and Pearson correlation coefficient (r), with 95% of confidence (p=0,05).

574 students; 70,5% female, 29,5% male. BMI mean: General 25,2±5,1 Kg/m2 (minimum 14,1 Kg/m2, maximum 48,4 Kg/m2), females 24,9±5,1 Kg/m2 (minimum 14 Kg/m2, maximum 48 Kg/m2), males 26,1±5,2 Kg/m2 (minimum 18 Kg/m2, maximum 48 Kg/m2). Correlation BMI/SAT r=0,343 (p
Be found lineal correlation between BMI and studied variables, indicating proportional directly increase of metabolic and cardiovascular risk in healthy clinically subjects, this agree with other consulted reports of foreigner precedence. Be required studies with inclusion of other variables as corporal fatty percentage, waist circumference, and serum levels of insulin and pro-inflammatory factors for better conclusions.