PP-551 : Committee against the Dengue fever: viable and indispensable

Author(s): 
Ana C Coutinho, Borges Quixabeira Maria das Dores, Ribeiro da Silva Corrêa Elainy, Kellen Rejane Ferreira Jacob Viana Oliveira, Brazil
Text: 
The Dengue fever is now one of the diseases with the highest incidence in Brazil. The state of Goiás was responsible for 69.9% of the notifications of Brazil’s Central West in 2008, and Aparecida de Goiânia was the city with the second highest number of cases. In order to prevent the same outbreaks that occurred in previous years, since November 2008, the Dengue Fever Combat Committee aims to identify and eliminate outbreaks, guide waste management (recycling and disposal), reduce the volume of cases and conduct health education.

The committee, which is the only one within the city, is composed by 23 members (the Family Health Strategy-FHS team, farmers, trash recyclers etc) and work with the Health Surveillance. Weekly, members and volunteers are divided into trios to make home visits. Supplied with informational booklets, trash bags, gloves and a Dengue Fever Notification Booklet-FNB (created by the Municipal Coordination FHS), they verify the existence of vector larvae. In a positive case, the FNB is filled out and given to the house owner. If the problem is not solved in 10 days, the case is then referred to the Health Surveillance.

During a year of work, the Committee has made great progress, actually reducing Dengue Fever cases reported among the more than 1300 families involved. The sharing of responsibilities and integration of efforts is the main weapon against this disease, which either kills or severely weakens the patient, causing damage to health, and in a greater analysis, to the national economy.